Surgery is an essential medical speciality that treats mainly by mechanical acts with the help of hands, tools or devices during operations. Its focus is the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of surgical cases.
An essential part of surgery is general surgery which is complemented by a number of specialities. These are, among others, thoracic surgery, trauma surgery, vascular surgery, paediatric surgery, cardiac surgery and plastic surgery.
A surgical procedure is sometimes the only way to treat and is sometimes part of a complex therapy. Even many diseases which typically are solved by a traditional treatment may reach the stage of development, or in the case of complications, when it is necessary to start a surgical procedure.
Plastic surgery deals with a specialized diagnosis and treatment of inborn and developed defects, damages and deformities and treatment of new injuries and their consequences if they require the special procedures of plastic surgery. It deals with complicated injuries of the hands and face and treatment of their consequences and the treatment of amputation injuries such as replantation surgery procedures. It also deals with tumours, benign or malignant, affecting mainly the skin. It contributes to the care of burns. Another part of the speciality is cosmetic surgery.