The causes and effects of suffering from periodontitis
Suffering from periodontitis (sometimes referred to as paradentosis, periodontal disease or pyorrhea) is the second most common illness in the oral cavity behind tooth decay (dental caries, cavities). One of the first symptoms of periodontitis is bleeding gums and foul breath (halitosis). Periodontitis occurs after long periods of non-removal of dental plaque. The bacteria forming the plaque produces toxins which cause inflammation and subsequently damages gum tissue. Improper dental hygiene is therefore the most significant factor leading to the formation of periodontitis. Inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) is also caused by tartar build-up, dental bridge corners or overlapping fillings. As a result of permanent gingivitis, the result is the deterioration of bone support tissue and eventually the loosening of teeth. If these conditions are not treated properly, the result is the loss of functional healthy teeth.
We can treat periodontitis
The most of common cause of periodontitis (sometimes referred to as gum disease / periodontal disease) are not genetic predispositions, but rather bad dental hygiene and insufficient attention paid to the cleanliness of teeth. The simplest method of preventing this disease is
the proper cleaning and help from a professional dental hygienist several times a year. The dental hygienist can prevent periodontitis, be it through specific procedures or instructions covering proper dental care guidelines.
Advanced cases of the disease
If periodontitis has progressed without sufficient treatment, the damage is usually permanent and irreversible. At this stage, a periodontologist can at least partially eliminate the negative effects and damage done by the disease. This should be the last resort. It is always best to prevent such a state by ensuring the best hygiene possible at all times.
For advanced cases of periodontitis, we use the following:
- laser treatment (cleaning deep periodontal pockets using a laser)
- surgical curettage (cleaning layers of tartar from the root)
- augmentation (adding artificial bone-like material which helps in reconstructing actual bone) – used for stabilization of teeth
- gingivectomy (removal of unnecessary gum tissue)
- gingivoplastics (surgical modeling of loose gums around the tooth base)
- covering tooth base (roots) surgically (lobe surgery – surgical excision of gum and its modeling with subsequent stitching to prevent any further reduction)